TABLE 2

Associations Between Characteristics of Pregnant Women and Children and ELC and GM Scores

CharacteristicsELC ScoreGM Score
N = 636MeanPMeanP
Gender
 Girl99.2.2150.2.14
 Boy97.851.8
Weight-for-age z scorea0.2c<.0010.3c<.001
Gravidity
 Primigravida99.8.2848.2.02
 Multigravida98.251.6
Maternal education
 Never schooled96.2<.00149.4<.001
 Primary or more102.954.1
Maternal occupation
 Housewives96.1<.00149.2.002
 Employed100.852.8
Prepregnancy BMI
 Underweight96.4.0748.9.03
 Normal98.650.9
 Overweight/obese101.554.8
Family possession scoreb0.1c.0050.2c<.001
HOME scoreb0.2c<.00010.2c<.001
RPM scoreb0.1c.030.1c.002
EPDS scoreb−0.0c.98−0.0c.67
  • EPDS, Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale; RPM, Raven’s Progressive Matrices.

  • a N = 629.

  • b N = 631.

  • c Represented as correlation coefficients not means.