TABLE 3

Relationship Between Prenatal Anemia and ELC and GM Scores

AnemiaELC ScoreGM Score
Crude Mean Difference (95% CI)Adjusted Mean Difference (95% CI)aCrude Mean Difference (95% CI)Adjusted Mean Difference (95% CI)b
First ANC visit
 No anemiaReferenceReferenceReferenceReference
 Anemia−1.0 (−3.4 to 1.4)−0.4 (−2.7 to 1.9)0.4 (−2.0 to 2.7)1.6 (−0.7 to 3.9)
Second ANC visit
 No anemiaReferenceReferenceReferenceReference
 Anemia0.5 (−1.8 to 2.8)0.6 (−1.6 to 2.9)2.2 (−0.2 to 4.5)2.3 (0.1 to 4.6)*
Delivery
 No anemiaReferenceReferenceReferenceReference
 Anemia−0.7 (−3.1 to 1.7)−0.6 (−2.9 to 1.8)−1.1 (−3.5 to 1.4)−0.6 (−3.0 to 1.8)
  • * P < 0.05

  • a Adjusted for maternal education, infant weight-for-age z score, HOME score, and gestational age at blood assessment.

  • b Adjusted for maternal education, gravidity, family possession, infant weight-for-age z score, HOME score, and gestational age at Hb assessment.