TABLE 1

Characteristics of Simulation in PEM Fellowship Programs

n/N Respondents (%)
Hours spent annually by PEM fellows
 0–10 h12/63 (19)
 11–20 h28/63 (44)
 >20 h23/63 (37)
Division(s) leading PEM fellows simulation
 PEM61/66 (92)
 Pediatric critical care21/66 (32)
 General emergency medicine30/66 (45)
 Multidisciplinary groups14/66 (21)
 Pediatrics, neonatology, anesthesiology, OB/GYN, and nursinga3/66 (4)
Support available
 Technical assistant on site47/62 (76)
 Dedicated PEM/EM staff coordinating simulation activities41/62 (66)
 Curriculum development staff13/62 (21)
Costs incurred for PEM fellow simulation
 Simulation laboratory time10/60 (17)
 Simulation staff time11/60 (18)
 No individual costs for courses (institution funds)34/60 (57)
Funding sources for PEM fellow simulation
 Hospital29/61 (48)
 University/medical school13/61 (21)
 Philanthropic organization9/61 (15)
 Government grants4/61 (7)
 No funding13/61 (21)
Fellowship size
 1–2 fellows per year31/52 (60)
 3–6 fellows per year21/52 (40)
  • a Each had 3 responses (4%).