Factors and Characteristics That Place a Child at Risk for Maltreatment

ChildParentEnvironment (Community and Society)
Emotional/behavioral difficultiesLow self-esteemSocial isolation
Chronic illnessPoor impulse controlPoverty
Physical disabilitiesSubstance abuse/alcohol abuseUnemployment
Developmental disabilitiesYoung maternal or paternal ageLow educational achievement
Preterm birthParent abused as a childSingle parent
Unwanted childDepression or other mental illnessNonbiologically related male living in the home
Unplanned pregnancyPoor knowledge of child development or unrealistic expectations for childFamily or intimate partner violence
Negative perception of normal child behavior
  • Reproduced with permission from Flaherty et al.34