TABLE 4

Associations Between SE Groups and Eating Behaviors

No SE, % (N)Moderate SE, % (N)Severe SE, % (N)No SE Versus Moderate SE, OR (95% CI)No SE Versus Severe SE, OR (95% CI)Moderate Versus Severe SE, OR (95% CI)No SE Versus Moderate/Severe SE, OR (95% CI)
Food aversion4.6 (31)19.2 (39)30.1 (15)4.9 (1.9–12.6)***3.0 (1.5–6.0)**1.8 (0.5–7.3)5.4 (2.2–13.2)***
Reduced appetite5.0 (35)7.6 (28)7.0 (6)1.6 (0.6–4.1)1.2 (0.6–2.2)0.9 (0.3–3.2)1.5 (0.6–3.8)
Weight loss1.3 (14)2.0 (10)2.4 (2)1.5 (0.4–5.7)1.3 (0.5–3.5)1.2 (0.2–6.3)1.6 (0.4–5.7)
Low growth1.9 (27)10.5 (21)45.1 (12)6.0 (1.9–18.8)**6.5 (3.1–13.8)***7.0 (1.5–31.8)**9.4 (3.3–26.7)***
Food refusal0.8 (2)1.1 (6)3.5 (3)1.5 (0.2–11.2)2.1 (0.7–6.6)3.1 (0.7–14.8)1.9 (0.3–13.8)
Hypersensitivity to
 Smell0.1 (3)2.7 (3)3.6 (3)20.6 (2.6–160.9)**5.3 (2.2–12.5)***1.4 (0.2–11.6)21.7 (3.5–133.5)***
 Noise3.1 (53)9.0 (19)9.7 (8)3.1 (1.1–9.1)*1.8 (1.1–3.2)1.1 (0.3–4.2)3.1 (1.2–8.2)
 Visual0.1 (3)5.1 (10)2.5 (2)40.5 (7.1–230.4)***18.9 (2.8–126.9)**0.5 (0.1–3.5)37.3 (7.0–198.2)***
 Oral textures3.4 (39)22.8 (41)14.5 (12)8.3 (3.4–20.7)***2.2 (1.3–3.8)**0.6 (0.2–1.8)7.8 (3.3–18.5)***
Swallowing problems0.9 (5)1.2 (6)14.9 (2)1.3 (0.2–7.4)4.3 (1.3–14.9)*14.8 (1.8–120.7)**3.4 (0.5–25.8)
  • * P ≤ .05, **P ≤ .01, ***P ≤ .001. OR, odds ratio.