TABLE 3

aORs of Wave IV Health Outcomes: Unmet Health Care Need in Wave I Versus no Unmet Need

OutcomeaOR95% CIP
Unadjusted model
 Fair/poor general health1.421.17–1.72<.001
 Functional impairment1.461.23–1.75<.001
 Time off work1.291.11–1.49.001
 Depressive symptoms1.631.41–1.89<.001
 Suicidal ideation1.531.22–1.93<.001
Adjusted modela
 Fair/poor general health1.271.00–1.60.046
 Functional impairment1.521.23–1.87<.001
 Time off work1.130.93–1.36.220
 Depressive symptoms1.361.13–1.64.001
 Suicidal ideation1.321.03–1.68.026
  • Baseline (Wave I) health status was defined and recorded in the same way as in Wave IV, with the exception of functional impairment, which was defined as “any difficulty in walking one-quarter of a mile (yes versus no)” in Wave I and “any difficulty in moderate activities (eg, playing golf or bowling)” in Wave IV. The Methods section presents the definitions of all Wave IV health outcomes. Interaction terms between age, gender, and race/ethnicity were assessed and included where significant (P < .05): age*race/ethnicity for fair/poor general health, gender*age for depressive symptoms, and gender*race/ethnicity for suicidal ideation.

  • a Adjusted for gender, age (year of birth), race/ethnicity, parental education, Wave I insurance category, Wave I household income, and corresponding Wave I health outcome. All were treated as categorical variables. The Supplemental Methods present details of all covariates.