TABLE 3

Chest Imaging and Diagnostic Criteria of Selected Studies

StudyImagingPneumonia DiagnosisPatient TypeInclusion CriteriaLUS OperatorDiagnosis CriteriaBlinding
Reali et al21CRClinical diagnosis + CR + blood resultsHospitalizedPneumonia signs and symptomsPulmonologists and trained residentsConsolidationYes
Liu et al22CRClinical diagnosis + CR + blood resultsCritically illPneumonia signs and symptoms, laboratory resultsExperienced physicianAlveolar and interstitialYes
Esposito et al14CRCRHospitalizedPneumonia signs and symptomsTrained pediatric residentAlveolar and interstitialYes
Shah et al15CRCRPresented to emergency departmentClinical suspicion of community-acquired pneumonia requiring CRFifteen pediatric emergency physicians with different degrees of expertiseAlveolar and interstitialYes
Caiulo et al23CRClinical diagnosis + CRHospitalizedPneumonia signs and symptomsExperienced physicianAlveolar and interstitialYes
Seif El Dien et al24CRClinical diagnosis + CR + blood resultsCritically illPneumonia signs and symptomsExperienced physicianConsolidationNo
Iuri et al16CRCRPresented to emergency departmentPneumonia signs and symptomsExperienced physicianConsolidationYes
Copetti and Cattarossi13CRClinical diagnosis + CRPresented to emergency departmentPneumonia signs and symptomsEmergency physicianConsolidationYes