TABLE 3

Energy Expenditure and Quality of Life Outcomes According to Intervention Group for Baseline and Follow-up

VariableBaseline12-mo Follow-upTime EffectsPost Hoc Testa
MI (n = 119)MI + PI (n = 119)Control (n = 119)MI (n = 113)MI + PI (n = 118)Control (n = 115)Time EffectTime × Group EffectMI + PI Versus ControlMI + PI Versus MI
Mean ± SDMean ± SDMean ± SDMean ± SDMean ± SDMean ± SDFPηp2FPηp2PP
Measure
 CDSS6.16 ± 2.466.14 ± 2.516.02 ± 2.326.88 ± 2.727.11 ± 2.625.71 ± 2.8234.56<.0010.0923.59<.0010.12<.001.01
 WEL87.10 ± 27.3787.29 ± 28.9493.61 ± 29.14101.27 ± 27.23)108.05 ± 24.28)93.21 ± 29.6045.01<.0010.1112.51<.0010.07.002.04
 PES5.61 ± 1.745.59 ± 1.875.69 ± 1.826.75 ± 1.156.68 ± 1.975.39 ± 2.1870.12<.0010.1638.01<.0010.17.003.01
 Self-reported PA length0.84 ± 0.490.86 ± 0.45)0.70 ± 0.351.12 ± 0.611.30 ± 0.66)0.66 ± 0.32)35.16<.0010.0913.43<.0010.07.004.01
 Self-reported energy expenditure247.73 ± 160.36220.50 ± 106.63271.87 ± 127.99434.07 ± 128.98509.07 ± 128.15268.14 ± 109.08115.08<.0010.5431.92<.0010.39.002.02
 Objective PA length0.67 ± 0.380.68 ± 0.280.65 ± 0.39)0.98 ± 0.370.59 ± 0.401.34 ± 0.4236.26<.0010.0917.06<.0010.09.001.01
 Objective energy expenditure280.17 ± 82.83274.90 ± 85.32293.95 ± 81.83)500.02 ± 94.94680.08 ± 88.14262.92 ± 99.2282.65<.0010.5933.67<.0010.54.001.003
Measure
 Total score63.19 ± 20.5862.46 ± 20.1864.74 ± 19.9164.34 ± 21.1165.14 ± 18.8863.73 ± 17.163.05.080.014.081.010.02.21.31
 Physical health66.71 ± 19.3566.17 ± 19.2865.12 ± 24.5370.13 ± 19.2071.84 ± 20.8862.93 ± 25.858.55<.0010.028.97<.0010.05.01.04
 Psychosocial health67.69 ± 17.1967.04 ± 18.4967.54 ± 19.369.08 ± 21.6270.16 ± 15.0966.30 ± 16.834.26.040.015.85<.0010.04.01.35
 Emotional functioning68.97 ± 19.3468.35 ± 20.4269.59 ± 19.9271.64 ± 19.9971.81 ± 21.7968.27 ± 21.827.15.0080.026.20.0020.03.03.24
 Social functioning69.84 ± 18.4169.12 ± 19.7470.12 ± 17.4270.84 ± 19.0869.12 ± 19.4770.01 ± 17.983.49.060.013.48.030.02.12.10
 School functioning65.01 ± 15.7964.18 ± 16.7868.83 ± 20.6366.80 ± 17.6271.26 ± 18.2065.73 ± 23.775.40.020.0112.70<.0010.07.03.02
  • ηp2 = partial η squared (measure of effect size); PA = physical activity.

  • a Bonferroni adjustment.