TABLE 3

Characteristics, Timing, and Causes of Failure of Preterm Infants Who Failed on NIV

NSIPPV (n = 10)BiPAP (n = 8)P
BW, g1000 ± 310980 ± 268.92
GA, wks28 ± 128 ± 1.93
GA ≤26 wks/total GA subgroup2/92/91.00
GA >26 and ≤29 wks/total GA subgroup7/334/32.54
GA >29 wks/total GA subgroup1/202/21.96
Apgar score at 1 min6 ± 16 ± 11.00
Apgar score at 5 min8 ± 18 ± 11.00
Prenatal steroids completed course76.77
Timing of failure (median, 25°-75° centile), h36 (17–72)34 (19–65).83
Early-onset sepsis53.96
Hypoxemia33.87
Hypercapnia and hypoxemia24.32
Persistent pulmonary hypertension of the newborn541.00
PNX211.00
PDA101.00
NEC02.47
  • Data are presented as the mean ± SD, n, or median (25th to 75th centile).