Table 2.

Neonates With Early-onset Group B Streptococcal (GBS) Sepsis and Their Matched Controls

Early-onset GBSMatched Controls
Number of infants19 51
Birth weight (g)*1019 ± 2671057 ± 270
Gestational age (wk)*28.5 ± 2.528.6 ± 2.6
Sex
 Males5 (26)†14 (27)
 Females14 (74)37 (73)
Race
 African-American14 (74)39 (76)
 Latin-American2 (10.5)6 (12)
 White2 (10.5)6 (12)
 Asian1 (5)0 (0)
Clinical
 Maternal PIH‡2 (11)11 (22)
 5-min Apgar score ≤58 (42)10 (20)
 Respiratory distress syndrome9 (47)35 (69)
 Mechanical ventilation14 (74)36 (71)
 Apnea of prematurity10 (53)37 (73)
  • * Values are presented as means ± SD.

  • Numbers in parentheses are percentages.

  • Pregnancy-induced hypertension.