TABLE 3

Bayley Scores, Preschool Language Scale Scores, and Growth Measurements at 1-Year Adjusted Age in Children Treated With Morphine or Clonidine

VariableMorphine (n = 12) Clonidine (n = 12) Pa
Bayley III scores
 Motor97.6 ± 10.495.8 ± 7.2.93
 Cognitive92.9 ± 8.493.3 ± 7.2.93
PLS-IV
 Language, total98.0 ± 13.895.8 ± 10.4.64
 Language, receptive101.1 ± 14.395.0 ± 12.2.25
 Language, expressive100.0 ± 13.199.2 ± 13.6.72
Physical growth
 Weight, kg10.0 ± 1.39.6 ± 1.0.66
 Length, cm75.6 ± 2.676.1 ± 3.5.81
 Head circumference, cm46.3 ± 1.246.4 ± 1.3.76
  • Data are presented as mean ± SD. Bayley III, Bayley Scales of Infant and Toddler Development, Edition III; PLS-IV, Preschool Language Scale, Edition IV.

  • a P values (all nonsignificant) were derived from Wilcoxon tests.