Table 1.

Demographic Characteristics of Children With Recurrent Otitis Media (ROM) in the United States, 1981 and 1988

19811988RR−CI+CIP Value
% ROMn% ROMn
Total population18.7518926.962091.41.31.6<.001
Gender
 Male19.8264429.631531.51.31.7<.001
 Female17.5254524.030561.41.21.5<.001
Race
 Black13.063618.39871.41.11.9.02
 White20.4418429.845971.51.31.6<.001
 Other12.036918.56251.51.12.2.01
Ethnicity
 Hispanic13.556621.19201.61.22.0<.001
 Non-Hispanic19.3462327.952891.41.31.6<.001
Poverty status
 <100%13.899923.49841.71.42.1<.001
 ≥100%20.1419027.652251.41.31.5<.001
Urbanization
 Urban (MSA—central city)17.9137924.420671.41.21.6<.001
 Nonurban19.0381028.041421.51.31.6<.001
Health status
 Excellent/very good15.6339624.649881.61.41.8<.001
 Good22.3158832.29891.41.21.7<.001
 Fair/poor38.818559.21671.51.22.0.002
Region
 Northeast20.2101123.612061.21.01.4.04
 Midwest17.4142528.116161.61.41.9<.001
 South19.6172528.321111.41.31.6<.001
 West17.4102825.812761.51.21.9.001
Maternal education
 <High school graduate15.7109224.710061.61.31.9<.001
 High school graduate, some college19.0324326.939361.41.31.6<.001
 College graduate, plus23.379129.711481.31.11.5.006
Maternal age at child’s birth
 <17 y11.716027.81082.41.34.2.004
 ≥17 y19.1497026.960991.41.31.5<.001
Maternal employment status
 Employed20.6223829.633601.41.31.6<.001
 Unemployed17.4295124.028491.41.21.6<.001
  • Abbreviations: ROM, recurrent otitis media; RR, relative risk; CI, confidence interval; MSA, metropolitan statistical area.