Frequency and Percentage of Personal and Family History Components of PPE-4

PPE-4 Cardiovascular Screening History ItemsFrequency (%)
Personal history
 5. Have you ever passed out or nearly passed out during or after exercise?36 (72%)13 (26%)1 (2%)
 6. Have you ever had discomfort, pain, tightness, or pressure in your chest during exercise?33 (65%)14 (28%)3 (6%)
 7. Does your heart ever race or skip beats (irregular beats) during exercise?40 (80%)6 (12%)4 (8%)
 8. Has a doctor every told you that you have any heart problems (high blood pressure, high cholesterol, a heart murmur, a heart infection, Kawasaki disease, or other)?24 (66%)25 (50%)1 (2%)
 9. Has a doctor ever ordered a test for your heart (eg, ECG or echocardiogram)?33 (57%)017 (34%)
 10. Do you get lightheaded or feel more short of breath than expected during exercise?26 (52%)15 (30%)9 (18%)
 11. Have you ever had an unexplained seizure?38 (76%)10 (20%)2 (4%)
 12. Do you get more tired or short of breath more quickly than your friends during exercise?27 (54%)21 (42%)12 (24%)
Family history
 13. Has any family member or relative died of heart problems or had any unexpected or unexplained sudden death before 50 y of age, including drowning, unexplained car accident, or sudden infant death syndrome?27 (54%)21 (42%)2 (4%)
 14. Does anyone in your family have hypertrophic cardiomyopathy, Marfan syndrome, arrhythmogenic right ventricular cardiomyopathy, long QT syndrome, short QT syndrome, Brugada syndrome, or catecholaminergic polymorphic ventricular tachycardia?24 (48%)12 (24%)14 (28%)
 15. Does anyone in your family have a heart problem, pacemaker, or implanted defibrillator?25 (50%)4 (8%)21 (42%)
 16. Has anyone in your family had unexplained fainting, unexplained seizures, or near-drowning?26 (52%)2 (4%)22 (44%)
  • Percentages calculated from n = 50. A, Absent; C, Complete; P, Partial.