TABLE 2

SES Measurement Constructs

ConstructSample Measure
Parent derived
 Household incomeWhich of these categories best describes your total combined family income for the past 12 mo? This should include income (before taxes) from all sources, wages, veteran’s benefits, help from relatives, rent from properties, and so on.
______<$5000
______$5000–$11 999
______$12 000–$15 999
______$16 000–$24 999
______$25 000–$34 999
______$35 000–$49 999
______$50 000–$74 999
______$75 000–$99 999
______≥$100 000
______Don’t know
______No response
 EducationWhat is the highest degree you earned?
____High school diploma or equivalency (GED)
____Associate degree (junior college)
____Bachelor’s degree
____Master’s degree
____Doctorate
____Professional (eg, MD, JD, DDS)
____Other (specify)
____None of the above (less than high school)
 Occupationa. In what kind of business or industry do (did) you work?
________________________________________________________
(For example: hospital, newspaper publishing, mail order house, auto engine manufacturing, breakfast cereal manufacturing)
b. What kind of work do (did) you do? (job title)
________________________________________________________
(For example: registered nurse, personnel manager, supervisor of order department, gasoline engine assembler, grinder operator)
 Assets and wealthIs the home where you live:
______Owned or being bought by you (or someone in the household?)
______Rented for money?
______Occupied without payment of money or rent?
______Other (specify)_________________________________________________
 Life course SESWhat is the highest degree your parent(s) earned?
____High school diploma or equivalency (GED)
____Associate degree (junior college)
____Bachelor’s degree
____Master’s degree
____Doctorate
____Professional (eg, MD, JD, DDS)
____Other specify
____None of the above (less than high school)
 Perceived social status87Think of this ladder as representing where people stand in the United States.
♦ At the top of the ladder are the people who are the best off: those who have the most money, the most education, and the most respectable jobs.
♦ At the bottom are people who are the worst off: those who have the least money, least education, and the least respected jobs or no job.
Where would you place yourself on this ladder? Fill in the circle that best represents where you think you stand, relative to other people in the United States.
Child (teen) derived
 SchoolingWhat is the highest grade (or year) of regular school you have completed? (Check one.)
Elementary SchoolHigh School or CollegeGraduate School
01 ⬜09 ⬜17 ⬜
02 ⬜10 ⬜18 ⬜
03 ⬜11 ⬜19 ⬜
04 ⬜12 ⬜20+ ⬜
05 ⬜13 ⬜
06 ⬜14 ⬜
07 ⬜15 ⬜
08 ⬜16 ⬜
Perceived family social status76Imagine that this ladder pictures how American society is set up.
♦ At the top of the ladder are the people who are the best off: They have the most money, the highest amount of schooling, and the jobs that bring the most respect.
♦ At the bottom are people who are the worst off: They have the least money, little or no education, no job, or jobs that no one wants or respects.
Now think about your family. Please fill in the circle that best represents where your family would be on this ladder.