Table 5.

Adjusted Child Height, Body Mass Index, and Ponderal Index Versus Juice Consumption*

2-Year-Old Children5-Year-Old Children2- and 5-Year-Old Children
(N = 90)(N = 70)(N = 160)
<12 Oz
Juice/Day
≥12 Oz
Juice/Day
P
Value
<12 Oz
Juice/Day
≥12 Oz
Juice/Day
P
Value
<12 Oz
Juice/Day
≥12 Oz
Juice/Day
P
Value
Child height89.386.50.003111.2106.5.0598.995.6.001
 (cm)(0.4)(0.9)(0.5)(2.3)(0.3)(0.9)
Child body mass index16.717.1NS15.918.0.00216.317.2.005
 (kg/m2)(0.1)(0.3)(0.2)(0.7)(0.1)(0.3)
Child ponderal index18.719.90.02 14.317.1.000116.818.4.0001
 (kg/m3)(0.2)(0.5)(0.2)(0.7)(0.1)(0.4)
  • * Statistical adjustment was conducted using General Linear Models (SAS: PROC GLM). All three models included maternal height, child age, child sex, and child age-sex interaction term; NS = not significant (P > .05).

  • Least squares mean (SEM).