Table 4.

Dietary Intake Based on Total Fruit Juice Consumption by Age Group*

Dietary Variable2-Year-Old Children5-Year-Old Children
<12 Oz
Juice/Day
(N = 79)
≥12 Oz
Juice/Day
(N = 15)
P
Value <
<12 Oz
Juice/Day
(N = 70)
≥12 Oz
Juice/Day
(N = 4)
P
Value <
Energy (kcal)1220  ± 2771376  ± 342NS (0.06)1534  ± 2961827  ± 131NS (0.06)
 (kcal/kg)41.9  ± 8.047.1  ± 9.4.0536.2  ± 8.240.9  ± 9.6NS
 (kcal/m)1371  ± 2671528  ± 323.051399  ± 2731665  ± 212NS (0.06)
Protein (g)43.0  ± 10.045.3  ± 18.4NS53.0  ± 13.360.6  ± 13.1NS
 (% kcal)14.2  ± 2.112.8  ± 2.1.0513.8  ± 1.713.3  + 2.4 NS
Total carbohydrate (g)162.1  ± 42.2203.3  ± 43.2.001207.1  ± 41.8274.3  ± 24.3.005
 (% kcal)53.3  ± 5.559.9  ± 4.8.000154.4  ± 5.360.4  ± 5.6.05
Complex carbohydrate (g)74.7  ± 22.380.4  ± 30.1NS98.7  ± 23.4118.5  ± 22.4NS
 (% kcal)24.6  ± 4.123.4  ± 4.1NS26.1  ± 4.126.1  ± 4.5NS
Simple carbohydrate (g)87.4  ± 26.9122.8  ± 18.6.0001108.4  ± 26.3155.9  ± 21.2.001
 (% kcal)28.7  ± 5.536.5  ± 4.6.000128.4  ± 4.934.2  ± 4.9.05
Fructose (g)18.7  ± 8.339.2  ± 7.8.000121.3  ± 8.647.7  ± 13.5.0001
 (% kcal)6.2  ± 2.511.8  ± 2.8.00015.6  ± 2.210.4  ± 2.6.0001
Galactose (g) 0.2  + 0.2  0.2  + 0.2 NS0.2  ± 0.30.5  ± 0.4.05
 (% kcal)0.05  + 0.070.06  + 0.06NS0.05  + 0.080.11  + 0.08NS
Glucose (g)16.9  ± 6.932.0  ± 8.6.000120.6  ± 7.543.3  ± 10.0.0001
 (% kcal)5.6  ± 1.99.5  ± 2.6.00015.4  ± 1.99.5  ± 2.3.0001
Lactose (g)18.4  ± 9.219.9  ± 7.9NS21.8  ± 9.922.7  ± 12.4NS
 (% kcal)6.1  ± 3.05.9  ± 2.0NS5.7  ± 2.34.9  ± 2.6NS
Sucrose (g)33.3  ± 15.931.5  ± 10.3NS44.5  ± 13.741.6  ± 20.6NS
 (% kcal)10.8  ± 3.99.3  ± 3.0NS11.6  ± 2.99.3  ± 5.0NS
Pectin (g) 1.0  + 0.5  1.6  + 0.8 .05 1.0  + 0.5  1.8  + 0.6 .01
Total fat (g)46.4  ± 12.345.3  ± 13.3NS57.2  ± 13.857.4  ± 10.1NS
 (% kcal)34.0  ± 4.429.1  ± 4.0.000533.2  ± 4.428.0  ± 3.7.05
Saturated fat (g)18.9  ± 5.319.1  ± 5.7NS22.8  ± 5.822.7  ± 6.5NS
 (% kcal)13.9  ± 2.612.3  ± 1.8.0513.3  ± 2.111.1  ± 2.8.05
Cholesterol (mg)157  ± 65144  ± 66NS174  ± 63144  ± 31NS
 (mg/1000 kcal)130  ± 50103  ± 37NS113  ± 3578  ± 13NS
  • * All data shown are the mean of 7 days of dietary data ± SD.

  • Student's t test, <12 oz juice/day vs ≥12 oz juice/day, separately by age; NS = not significant (P > .05).