TABLE 1

CC and Child and Family Characteristics

Group 1: Inadequate CC (Weighted N = 3 171 432), % (SE)Group 2: Adequate CC (Weighted N = 4 592 731), % (SE)Group 3a: No CC, No Help Needed, ≥2 Services Used (Weighted N = 1 817 611), % (SE)Group 3b: No CC, No Help Needed, <2 Services Used (Weighted N = 402 888), % (SE)
Child characteristic
    Age, ya
        0–519 (0.59)22 (0.56)20 (0.81)25 (0.36)
        6–1137 (0.73)37 (0.61)39 (0.98)33 (0.41)
        12–1744 (0.76)41 (0.40)41 (0.94)42 (0.42)
    Gender
        Male60 (0.76)59 (0.62)59 (0.21)62 (0.42)
        Female40 (0.76)41 (0.62)41 (0.21)38 (0.42)
    Race/ethnicitya
        Hispanic14 (0.59)10 (0.44)9 (0.63)21 (1.98)
        White/non-Hispanic62 (0.77)69 (0.63)69 (0.96)43 (2.11)
        Black/non-Hispanic17 (0.62)15 (0.50)15 (0.77)30 (2.08)
        Multiracial/non-Hispanic4 (0.27)4 (0.27)4 (0.38)3 (0.71)
        Other non-Hispanic3 (0.30)2 (0.18)3 (0.34)3 (0.62)
    Insurance statusa
        Private53 (0.77)62 (0.63)70 (0.91)36 (2.04)
        Public31 (0.74)27 (0.59)20 (0.82)39 (2.18)
        Private and public9 (0.43)7 (0.33)4 (0.41)9 (1.46)
        Other comprehensive2 (0.21)2 (0.19)3 (0.28)1 (0.40)
        Uninsured5 (0.29)2 (0.17)3 (0.29)15 (1.55)
    Qualified for special-need on the basis of:a
        Prescription-medication need23 (0.67)44 (0.63)78 (0.82)54 (2.17)
        Functional status34 (0.71)19 (0.51)6 (0.46)15 (1.56)
        Service needs18 (0.61)14 (0.45)6 (0.47)22 (1.70)
        Prescription and service needs25 (0.65)23 (0.53)11 (0.60)9 (1.23)
    Usual source of carea
        Doctors office74 (0.66)79 (0.54)84 (0.68)61 (2.13)
        Clinic20 (0.58)16 (0.49)11 (0.59)23 (1.87)
        No usual source, rely on ED6 (0.40)5 (0.29)5 (0.39)16 (1.51)
Family characteristic
    Incomea
        0%–99% FPL21 (0.67)17 (0.53)13 (2.33)41 (0.37)
        100%–199% FPL25 (0.70)21 (0.58)18 (2.20)30 (0.39)
        200%–399% FPL28 (0.70)31 (0.61)34 (1.55)18 (0.40)
        ≥400% FPL26 (0.68)31 (0.59)35 (1.40)11 (0.40)
    Family structurea
        2 biological/adopted parents49 (0.78)58 (0.65)62 (0.97)41 (2.24)
        2-parent step-families10 (0.52)10 (0.39)9 (0.52)10 (1.28)
        Mother only35 (0.76)28 (0.60)24 (0.89)40 (2.24)
        Other family6 (0.34)4 (0.28)5 (0.39)9 (1.23)
    Educationb
        Less than high school8 (0.45)6 (0.34)4 (0.48)18 (1.80)
        High school22 (0.67)23 (0.57)22 (0.90)38 (2.19)
        Beyond high school70 (0.73)71 (0.61)74 (0.95)44 (2.14)
  • The SEs are reported as percentages.

  • a P < .001.

  • b P < .05.