TABLE 4

Therapies Used in Laundry Detergent Pod Exposure Cases Among Children Younger Than 6 Years by Route of Exposure, NPDS 2012–2013

TherapySingle RouteMultiple RoutesTherapy Total, n (%a)
Ingestion, n (%a)Ocular, n (%a)Dermal, n (%a)Aspiration, n (%a)Ingestion+b, n (%a)Otherc, n (%a)
Dilute/irrigate/wash9730 (70.9)1156 (93.4)111 (88.8)32 (54.2)1628 (91.1)277 (96.9)12 937 (75.1)
Food/snack1542 (11.2)6 (0.5)3 (2.4)4 (6.8)212 (11.9)4 (1.4)1773 (10.3)
Other782 (5.7)139 (11.2)22 (17.6)7 (11.9)118 (6.6)38 (13.3)1106 (6.4)
Antibiotics69 (0.5)174 (14.1)6 (4.8)7 (11.9)78 (4.4)41 (14.3)375 (2.2)
Fluids, IV321 (2.3)18 (30.5)22 (1.2)1 (0.3)362 (2.1)
Antiemetics207 (1.5)2 (0.2)2 (3.4)15 (0.8)226 (1.3)
Other emetic170 (1.2)1 (0.8)21 (1.2)1 (0.3)193 (1.1)
Oxygen153 (1.1)17 (28.8)14 (0.8)184 (1.1)
Bronchodilators133 (1.0)10 (16.9)11 (0.6)154 (0.9)
Steroids102 (0.7)7 (0.6)4 (3.2)2 (3.4)26 (1.5)2 (0.7)143 (0.8)
Intubation82 (0.6)10 (16.9)10 (0.6)102 (0.6)
Ventilator77 (0.6)10 (16.9)9 (0.5)96 (0.6)
Antihistamines41 (0.3)6 (0.5)8 (6.4)16 (0.9)1 (0.3)72 (0.4)
Calcium61 (0.4)1 (0.8)4 (0.2)66 (0.4)
Sedation, other43 (0.3)2 (0.2)10 (16.9)10 (0.6)65 (0.4)
Benzodiazepines26 (0.2)3 (0.2)3 (5.1)4 (0.2)1 (0.3)37 (0.2)
Charcoal, single dose11 (0.1)11 (0.1)
Fresh air7 (0.1)1 (1.7)1 (0.1)9 (0.1)
Neuromuscular blocker6 (0.0)3 (5.1)9 (0.1)
Alkalinization5 (0.0)2 (3.4)7 (0.0)
Vasopressors5 (0.0)5 (0.0)
Ipecac4 (0.0)4 (0.0)
Naloxone4 (0.0)4 (0.0)
Atropine2 (0.0)1 (0.1)3 (0.0)
Anticonvulsants2 (0.0)2 (0.0)
Cathartic1 (0.0)1 (0.0)
CPR1 (1.7)1 (0.0)
Fomepizole1 (0.0)1 (0.0)
NAC, IV1 (0.0)1 (0.0)
Exposure route total13 730123812559178828617 230
  • CPR, cardiopulmonary resuscitation; IV, intravenous; NAC, N-Acetylcysteine; —, no therapy performed.

  • a Percentages relate to each exposure route total and will not sum to 100.0%, because some patients received none or more than one of these therapies.

  • b Ingestion + includes multiple exposure routes with ingestion.

  • c Other includes multiple exposure routes without ingestion.