TABLE 1

Focus of Classic Academic Disciplines

Academic DisciplineFocusEnvironment
GeneticsGene transmission and genotypesCell nucleus, DNA
Molecular and cellular biologyGene-cell regulationSystem, cell, RNA, and DNA
NeuroscienceNervous system and neuronsBrain
MedicineIndividual diseasesIndividual person
Psychology and social psychologyBehavioral and individual differencesIndividual person or animal and social space (SES, gender, race)
SociologyGroup processesIndividuals in groups
EcologyOrganisms and their environmentPhysical world
Public healthHealth protection, promotion, and restorationPopulations
Public policyEffects of government decisions and indecisionDecision-making bodies