TABLE 3

Number of Cases of Out-of-Hospital Medication Errors Among Children <6 Years of Age by Major Pharmaceutical Category, Medical Outcome, HCF Level of Care, and Age Group, NPDS 2002–2012

Major Pharmaceutical CategoryCases, n (%)Medical Outcomes by Age GroupaHCF Level by Age Groupa
DeathMajorModerateOtherICUOther
<11–5<11–5<11–5<11–5<11–5<11–5
Analgesics175 733 (25.2)4640409417854 987119 95912513055 000120 053
Cough and cold preparations171 380 (24.6)32161722965426 212144 028717926 389144 622
Antihistamines104 382 (15.0)113611419226 00177 897522126 06778 075
Antimicrobials82 401 (11.8)2977912921 68560 101662821 70960 209
Gastrointestinal preparations28 993 (4.2)126539210918 31110 0671342218 59610 159
Asthma therapies27 076 (3.9)15152165406022 6311810419522 791
Vitamins20 259 (2.9)1712391416 25592392216 265
Hormones and hormone antagonists12 857 (1.8)51044264210 093719264510 123
Eye/Ear/Nose/Throat preparations11 551 (1.7)224413776765912537907695
Cardiovascular drugs10 256 (1.5)1920814661775788712428417418090
Anticonvulsants8649 (1.2)1538362448197495291318317647
Sedative/Hypnotics/Antipsychotics6957 (1.0)520343917875705441417825975
Electrolytes and minerals6608 (0.9)13131721874359171021864367
Topical preparations5187 (0.7)11230152435975615323621
Stimulants4772 (0.7)441122724042808292474482
Dietary supplements/Herbals/Homeopathic4752 (0.7)1168105236622410573667
Antidepressants3685 (0.5)4205622333769462343390
Miscellaneous drugs2656 (0.4)511434490210521144882126
Anesthetics2631 (0.4)121414241408116761814181188
Diuretics1244 (0.2)1296570636156585636
Muscle relaxants1090 (0.2)418126973914116578936
Serums, toxoids, vaccines997 (0.1)2336560911366611
Anticholinergic drugs565 (0.1)21111125528263262291
Veterinary drugs212 (0.0)150160248161
Anticoagulants169 (0.0)143391224240123
Antineoplastics151 (0.0)129138258135
Diagnostic agents45 (0.0)1113231130
Narcotic antagonists9 (0.0)1818
Radiopharmaceuticals4 (0.0)3131
Unknown drug1666 (0.2)216122601372182671377
Total696 937 (100.0)111414220614173129173 729516 5978011092174 498518 854
  • a Medical outcomes and HCF level by age group totals do not sum to major pharmaceutical category totals due to the exclusion of cases with unknown age.