TABLE 3

Food Allergy Prevalence Estimates Among Children <18 Years of Age in the United States in Selected Years, According to Gender and Race/Ethnicity

Prevalence, No. of Cases (%, Estimate ± SE)
19971999a2001200320052007
Gender
    Maleb246 (3.2 ± 0.2)196 (3.3 ± 0.3)238 (3.4 ± 0.3)230 (3.6 ± 0.3)267 (3.9 ± 0.3)193 (3.8 ± 0.3)
    Femalec245 (3.4 ± 0.3)188 (3.0 ± 0.3)235 (3.7 ± 0.3)215 (3.5 ± 0.3)248 (4.0 ± 0.3)185 (4.1 ± 0.4)
Race/ethnicity
    Non-Hispanic whitec294 (3.5 ± 0.2)249 (3.6 ± 0.3)284 (3.9 ± 0.3)265 (3.8 ± 0.3)277 (4.3 ± 0.3)184 (4.1 ± 0.4)
    Non-Hispanic blackb78 (3.2 ± 0.4)59 (3.0 ± 0.4)73 (3.3 ± 0.4)67 (3.6 ± 0.5)86 (4.0 ± 0.5)74 (4.0 ± 0.6)
    Hispanicd95 (2.3 ± 0.3)63 (1.8 ± 0.2)94 (2.2 ± 0.3)88 (2.4 ± 0.3)128 (3.1 ± 0.3)88 (3.2 ± 0.4)
  • The data source was the NHIS.

  • a In 1999, the allergy questions were not asked for 2-year-old subjects in the NHIS.

  • b P < .01 for weighted, least-squares, regression trend test.

  • c P < .05 for weighted, least-squares, regression trend test.

  • d P < .0001 for weighted, least-squares, regression trend test.