TABLE 4

Percentage of Children Aged 3 to 17 Years Who Had Selected Characteristics, According to Parent-Reported ASD Status, With Relative Odds of Having Had the Characteristic

CharacteristicCurrently Has Autism/ASDEver Diagnosed With Autism/ASD but Does Not Currently Have the ConditionNever Diagnosed With Autism/ASD
No. in SampleaWeighted % (95% CI)No. in SampleaWeighted % (95% CI)OR for Current ASD vs This Comparison Group (95% CI)bNo. in SampleaWeighted % (95% CI)OR for Current ASD vs This Comparison Group (95% CI)b
Had a personal doctor or nurse86896.2 (93.9–97.7)42791.8 (80.7–96.8)2.28 (0.75–6.88)70 97991.8 (91.3–92.4)2.27 (1.36–3.76)
Had a usual place for care86096.1 (94.1–97.4)42488.7 (76.7–94.9)3.16 (1.20–8.33)72 49593.2 (92.6–93.7)1.82 (1.17–2.82)
Received family-centered carec51347.9 (40.3–55.8)26842.1 (31.3–53.7)1.27 (0.72–2.23)51 25566.1 (65.1–67.0)0.47 (0.35–0.65)
Had no problems obtaining referrals (if needed)d26277.5 (69.1–84.2)13866.5 (46.5–81.9)1.74 (0.68–4.41)10 08381.6 (79.8–83.4)0.78 (0.49–1.22)
Received effective care coordination (if needed)e30538.6 (30.7–47.2)16434.3 (24.4–45.7)1.20 (0.66–2.19)23 40669.9 (68.6–71.2)0.27 (0.19–0.39)
Received care within a medical home29031.8 (25.1–39.5)15623.4 (16.6–31.9)1.53 (0.89–2.63)44 60856.4 (55.5–57.3)0.36 (0.26–0.50)
Had health insurance at time of survey87195.8 (93.3–97.4)41993.0 (84.5–97.0)1.73 (0.62–4.79)70 50590.6 (90.0–91.2)2.37 (1.43–3.91)
Received treatment from mental health professional49248.4 (40.7–56.3)21148.2 (36.5–60.2)1.01 (0.57–1.80)64157.8 (7.4–8.2)11.13 (8.07–15.35)
Currently had an Individualized Education Program78188.4 (82.3–92.6)30963.0 (50.9–73.8)4.48 (2.21–9.08)66938.7 (8.2–9.2)80.00 (48.35–132.37)
  • a Sample size is the unweighted number of children with affirmative responses for the selected characteristic.

  • b These unadjusted ORs compare children who currently had autism/ASD to children in the given comparison group (ever diagnosed with autism/ASD but not currently or never diagnosed with autism/ASD).

  • c Family-centered care was inferred if parents reported that doctors usually or always spent enough time with the child, listened carefully to the parent, were sensitive to family values and customs, provided needed information, and made the parent feel like a partner.

  • d Percent distributions do not include children who did not need referrals to see any doctors or receive any services.

  • e Effective care coordination was inferred if the parent reported receiving some help arranging or coordinating the child's health care, reported not needing additional help, and reported satisfaction with the communication among the child's doctors and between the doctors and the child's school or education programs. Percent distributions do not include children whose parents reported that they did not receive help arranging or coordinating their children's care and that they did not need such help.

  • Data source: Maternal and Child Health Bureau and National Center for Health Statistics, NSCH, 2007.