TABLE 4

Multivariate Analysis of Patient Characteristics and Clinical Outcomes of Children 5 Years After Tracheotomy

Patient CharacteristicsClinical Outcomes, OR (95% CI)
In-Hospital MortalityDecannulation
During Admission for Tracheotomy PlacementDuring the 5-y Follow-up Period
Clinical conditiona
    NI2.7 (1.4–5.4)0.4 (0.2–0.8)
    Upper airway anomaly0.2 (0.1, 0.3)
    Chronic lung disease1.7 (1.1, 2.7)
Hospital discharge disposition
    Sometimes homeb0.5 (0.2–1.2)
    Always home0.4 (0.2–0.7)
    Always to a postacute care facilityReferenceReferenceReference
Demographics
    Age < 1 yc3.8 (1.3–11.2)
    Female vs male1.6 (1.0–2.6)
  • The significant (P < .1) findings are shown from each model following backward elimination. OR indicates odds ratio; CI, confidence interval.

  • a Reference group is the absence of each clinical condition (for instance, the reference group for the odds ratios in children with NI is children without NI).

  • b Sometimes home includes children alternating between home and a postacute care facility across multiple hospital discharges.

  • c Reference group is children aged 13–18 years old.