TABLE 2

In-Hospital Mortality, Decannulation, and Tracheotomy-Related Complications in 917 Children Undergoing Tracheotomy in 2002

% (n)
Timing of in-hospital mortality
    0–7 d after tracheotomy1.1 (10)
    0–30 d after tracheotomy4.4 (40)
    During the hospitalization for tracheotomy7.7 (71)
    ≤5 y after tracheotomy13.2 (121)
Events associated with in-hospital mortality
    Decannulation1.2 (2)
    Tracheostomy stoma infection7.4 (9)
Intentional decannulation
    During the hospitalization for tracheotomy1.4 (13)
    ≤1 y after tracheotomy3.6 (33)
    ≤3 y after tracheotomy7.3 (67)
    ≤5 y after tracheotomy8.8 (81)
Tracheotomy-related complications in the 5-y follow-up period
    % of children with a complication18.7 (156)
Type of complication
    Hemorrhage or tracheoesophageal fistulaa53.5 (98)
    Tracheotomy stoma infection28.9 (53)
    Tracheal stenosis16.9 (31)
    Unspecified<0.1 (1)
  • a The ICD-9-CM code for this complication does not separate tracheotomy hemorrhage and tracheoesophageal fistula.