TABLE 3

Bivariate Association Between W3 DWI in the Past Month and Its Correlates Among 12th-Grade Students: NEXT Generation Study, 2009–2012

nWeighted %SEOR95% CI
Gender
 Female (ref)58412.362.551.00
 Male51716.912.441.440.92–2.26
Race/ethnicity
 White (ref)76814.582.661.00
 Hispanic14714.105.190.960.35–2.64
 Black13411.203.730.740.35–1.58
 Other4821.528.551.610.51–5.04
Family affluence
 Low (ref)1849.072.991.00
 Moderate56114.921.851.760.86–3.60
 High35316.223.491.940.88–4.27
Educational level (higher of both parents)
 Less than high school diploma (ref)503.362.341.00
 High school diploma or GED19814.233.614.770.83–27.49
 Some degreea45412.521.984.120.91–18.67
 Bachelor’s or graduate degree36217.644.616.16*1.46–26.03
Days driving in last 30 days11101.030.99–1.07
Age11001.110.74–1.68
Mother’s monitoring knowledge (W1–W2 average)10990.38***0.26–0.56
Father’s monitoring knowledge11100.71**0.57–0.88
Whether HED, W1 and W2
 Never7496.140.941.00
 Yes at W1 or W234828.595.346.12***3.28–11.43
Whether drug use, W1 and W2
 Never7586.411.121.00
 Yes at W1 or W234328.454.595.80***3.91–8.60
Driving licensure timingb
 W3 (ref)35113.983.071.00
 W133518.753.001.420.95–2.13
 W241511.702.190.820.49–1.35
RWI exposure timingc
 Never at all waves (ref)5301.120.541.00
 W133227.544.8133.65***10.25–110.49
 W29530.017.9637.97***13.40–107.55
 W38628.215.3634.79***13.07–92.65
RWI exposure amount
 Never at all waves (ref)5301.120.541.00
 At only 1 wave29513.341.8413.62***5.37–34.58
 At only 2 waves13833.748.2845.08***13.25–153.40
 At all 3 waves8066.198.86173.33***44.92–668.90
  • * P < .05, **P < .01, ***P < .001, 0.05 < P ≤ .10. GED, general equivalency diploma; OR, odds ratio; ref, reference. —, indicates reference group for categorical variables and n/a for continuous variables.

  • a Some college, technical school, or associate degree.

  • b Driving licensure timing indicates when the students received their driving license.

  • c RWI exposure timing indicates when the first RWI occurred among the 3 waves.