TABLE 1

Definitions of Early School-Age Outcomes

Early School-Age OutcomeDefinition
Developmental Delay or DisabilityDevelopmental delay refers to a lag in the rate at which a child exhibits a functional level that is normal for his or her age. Delay may appear across the board or in specific areas: physical, language, cognitive, and socioemotional development. Delay is defined as scoring 1.5 SD below the mean on a standardized assessment instrument. Disability refers to an established medical condition that places a child at high risk for developmental delay. Such medical conditions include genetic or metabolic disorders, neurologic insults, and sensory impairment.
Prekindergarten Program for Children With DisabilitiesA federally and state-funded program for children who have received a diagnosis of a learning problem as a result of a physical, cognitive, sensory, or behavioral impairment.
Not ready to start schoolAn assessment 6 weeks into the school year by a kindergarten teacher by using a 16-item checklist that covers such topics as physical health, language development, socioemotional development, and general knowledge, indicating that student does not yet exhibit preacademic and social skills needed to be a successful learner.
Exceptional student educationServices provided to children who have special learning needs because of a disability. These may include special teaching methods and materials, technology devices, therapy, special transportation, or other supports. Need is determined using a multidisciplinary diagnostic evaluation looking at academics, development, and functionality.
SuspensionA disciplinary code indicating temporary removal of a student from the school program not exceeding 10 days.
RetentionA student is retained in the same grade at the end of the school year for failing to meet levels of performance indicated in a school's pupil progression plan.