Percentages of Youth in the Poorest Deciles,a Based on Covariate-Adjusted Standardized Means From Linear Regressions Predicting Physical and Mental Health Outcomes With Bullying History

Fifth-Grade Bullying HistorySeventh-Grade Bullying HistoryTenth-Grade Bullying History
Not Bullied (78.1%)Present (21.9%)Not Bullied (72.9%)Past Only (17.6%)Present Only (5.2%)Past and Present (4.3%)Not Bullied (69.8%)Past Only (23.8%)Present Only (3.0%)Past and Present (3.4%)
Psychosocial quality of life4.3%30.7%4.8%15.3%33.9%43.8%6.5%12.1%30.7%44.6%
 vs not victimized*********************
 vs past only************
 vs present onlyb**
Physical quality of life6.4%22.4%6.4%14.8%23.9%30.2%8.0%11.9%25.5%22.2%
 vs not victimized*****************
 vs past only****b**
 vs present onlybb
Depression symptoms6.7%22.2%7.4%14.0%18.7%27.8%7.8%12.7%18.5%30.4%
 vs not victimized*********************
 vs past only***********
 vs present onlyb***
 vs not victimized********************
 vs past only******
 vs present onlybb
  • Note. Bullying history was dummy-coded as not bullied, bullied in past only, bullied in present only, or bullied in both past and present. Weighted percentages are shown underneath each bullying category. Multivariable models controlled for child race/ethnicity, gender, age, chronic illness status, BMI percentile, and sexual orientation; household income; parent education and marital status; geographic setting; and school-level means for race/ethnicity and BMI percentile, with missing indicators for income, education, and BMI. Outcomes were not imputed; samples sizes ranged from 4267 to 4297 depending on outcome and grade.

  • a Percentages in each bullying category who would fall into the worst decile for the overall distribution, if that population had a mean equal to the covariate-adjusted standardized mean from Table 2 and the SD observed for that category (not shown).

  • * P < .05.

  • ** P < .01.

  • *** P < .001.

  • b P ≥ .05.