TABLE 7

Summary of Results of Studies Reporting on Self-Care Outcomes

StudyOutcomeTiming, wknTreatment, Mean (±SD)nControl, Mean (±SD)SMD (95% CI)P
BoNT-A
 Fehlings et al14 (change scores)PEDI Self-Care4142.6 (6.9)15−1.5 (4.1)0.73 (−0.05 to 1.46)
FSS122.8 (3.7)1.1 (4.1)0.43 (−0.31 to 1.16)
265.5 (4.5)3.3 (6.1)0.41 (−0.34 to 1.13)
 Lowe et al16PEDI Self-Care42153.1 (11.5)2144.2 (13.3)0.72 (0.08 to 1.33)
FSS1255.8 (11.5)48.3 (11.0)0.67 (0.03 to 1.27)
2657.9 (10.1)51.1 (11.9)0.62 (−0.01 to 1.22)
 Kawamura et al17PEDI Self-Care41864.9 (12.5)2166.4 (15.3)−0.11 (−0.73 to 0.53)
FSS1266.8 (12.1)63.0 (11.6)0.32 (−0.32 to 0.95)
 Wallen et al18 (a)PEDI Self-Care 122066.7 (12.7)1555.0 (18.2)0.87 (0.16 to 1.57).01
FSS2463.2 (15.5)58.8 (21.7)2.61 (1.64 to 3.46).00
 Wallen et al18 (b)PEDI Self-Care122052.0 (14.5)1759.1 (17.7)−0.46 (−1.11 to 0.02)
FSS2452.9 (16.3)59.7 (17.2)−0.41 (−1.05 to 0.25)
 Russo et al19AMPS-motor12210.5 (0.70)220.7 (0.6)−0.31 (−0.91 to 0.30)
260.7 (1.0)0.8 (0.5)−0.19 (−0.79 to 0.41)
AMPS-process 120.4 (0.9)0.5 (0.7)−0.18 (−0.78 to 0.42)
260.5 (1.0)0.7 (0.7)−0.21 (−0.81 to 0.39)
PEDI Self-Care1254.8 (14.5)59.7 (12.7)−0.36 (−0.96 to 0.25)
FSS2658.8 (14.7)59.6 (12.2)−0.06 (−0.66 to 0.54)
mCIMT
 Hoare et al47PEDI Self-Care41734.2 (10.0)1740.6 (9.8)−0.64 (−1.31 to 0.06)
FSS1241.3 (12.7)45.1 (10.8)−0.32 (−0.99 to 0.36)
2642.1 (11.0)49.2 (14.7)−0.55 (−1.22 to 0.15)
 de Brito Brandão et al36PEDI Self-Care0.1860.1 (6.1)863.5 (5.0)−0.60 (−1.57 to 0.43)
FSS
Hybrid model: combined mCIMT and bimanual training
 de Brito Brandão et al9PEDI Self-Care1874.5 (9.9)769.2 (6.3)0.63 (−0.44 to 1.63)
FSS477.4 (9.3)70.8 (7.2)0.78 (−0.31 to 1.78)
Forced-use therapy
 Sung et al48WeeFIM Self-Care11825.4 (5.8)1321.2 (8.7)0.87 (0.00 to 1.68).05
Other UL interventions
 Law et al53PEDI Self-Care267151.5 (18.2)5749.1 (15.0)0.14 (−0.21 to 0.49)
FSS3851.9 (18.7)51.8 (17.8)0.01 (−0.34 to 0.35)
  • AMPS, Assessment of Motor and Process Skills; FSS, Functional Skills Scale; WeeFIM, Functional Independence Measure for Children.