TABLE 4

Comparisons of Educational Resource Use Between Preterm and Term Children at 12 Years' Chronological Age

n/N (%)
PretermTerm (N = 111)
Brain Injury (N = 34)No Brain Injury (N = 337)
Special services through an IEP25/33 (76)117/334 (35)11/110 (10)a,b
Classroom setting
    Regular classroom23/34 (68)295/335 (88)108/111 (97)a,b
    Special classroom11/34 (32)40/335 (12)3/111 (3)a,c
Educational services
    Remedial instruction in reading15/34 (44)93/336 (28)10/111 (9)a,b
    Remedial instruction in writing15/34 (44)68/336 (20)4/111 (4)a,b
    Remedial instruction in math16/34 (47)100/335 (30)7/111 (6)a,b
    Physical therapy17/34 (50)26/335 (8)0
    Occupational therapy16/34 (47)29/335 (9)0
    Speech and language therapy17/34 (50)38/335 (11)2/110 (2)a,c
    Behavior management3/34 (9)33/335 (10)8/111 (7)
Number of educational services
    None8/34 (24)189/335 (56)93/111 (84)
    1–27/34 (20)53/335 (16)12/111 (11)
    ≥319/34 (56)93/335 (28)6/111 (5)d
Repeated a grade8/33 (24)73/333 (22)10/110 (9)a,b
  • a Term cohort versus preterm cohort: P < .005.

  • b Term cohort versus preterm cohort excluding children with brain injury: P < .005,

  • c Term cohort versus preterm cohort excluding children with brain injury: P < .05.

  • d χ2 for trend across all services categories (term versus preterm, term versus preterm excluding children with brain injury): P < .005.