TABLE 2

Comparison of Demographic, Parental, and School Characteristics of Children With None/Minimal Break Versus Some Recess

CharacteristicsNn (%)
None/Minimal BreakSome Recess
Ethnicitya11 612
    White non-Hispanic70931647 (48.1)5446 (66.5)
    Black1380814 (23.8)566 (6.9)
    Hispanic1808688 (20.1)1120 (13.7)
    Other/mixed1331276 (8.1)1055 (12.9)
Gender11 624
    Male58661712 (49.9)4154 (50.7)
    Female57581717 (50.1)4041 (49.3)
Parental educationa10 301
    Less than high school710300 (10.3)410 (5.5)
    High school or equivalent2610858 (29.5)1752 (23.7)
    Some college2949836 (28.7)2113 (28.6)
    Bachelor's degree or equivalent2144519 (17.8)1625 (22)
    Graduate education1888398 (13.7)1490 (20.2)
Parental incomea10 301
    Lees than $5000221105 (3.6)116 (1.6)
    $5000-$10 000288126 (4.3)162 (2.2)
    $10 001–$15 000487196 (6.7)291 (3.9)
    $15 001–20 000569226 (7.8)343 (4.6)
    $20 001–25 000615229 (7.9)386 (5.2)
    $25 001–30 000690233 (8)457 (6.2)
    $30 001–35 000540161 (5.5)379 (5.1)
    $35 001–40 000738217 (7.5)521 (7.1)
    $40 001–50 0001155304 (10.4)851 (11.5)
    $50 001–75 0002036511 (17.6)1525 (20.6)
    $75 001–100 0001471320 (11)1151 (15.6)
    $100 001–200 0001149220 (7.6)929 (12.6)
    More than $200 00134263 (2.2)279 (3.8)
School locationa11 418
    Large/middle-sized city40571498 (44.5)2559 (31.8)
    Large/middle-sized town45051338 (39.7)3167 (39.3)
    Small town/rural2856531 (15.8)2325 (28.9)
School regiona11 624
    Northeast2167641 (18.7)1526 (18.6)
    Midwest3255450 (13.1)2805 (34.2)
    South38182069 (60.3)1749 (21.3)
    West2384269 (7.8)2115 (25.8)
School typea11 619
    Public91993048 (88.9)6151 (75.1)
    Private2420381 (11.1)2039 (24.9)
Class size11 552
    10–20 students54621582 (46.5)3880 (47.6)
    ≥21 students60901820 (53.5)4270 (52.4)