TABLE 4

Trends in Jaundice Treatment Rates Among Term and Preterm Infants in the United States, 1988–2005

YearsTermPreterm
%95% CI%95% CI
Phototherapy (percent of newborns)
    1988–19901.911.73–2.0915.213.5–17.0
    1991–19931.681.50–1.8517.115.3–18.9
    1994–19961.451.36–1.54a19.518.0–20.9a
    1997–19991.561.48–1.6321.520.2–22.8a
    2000–20021.741.64–1.84b23.221.8–24.5
    2003–20052.622.50–2.74b27.626.2–29.1b
Exchange transfusion (rate per 10 000 newborns)
    1988–19901.811.51–2.1216.013.2–18.8
    1991–19931.301.11–1.49b13.210.9–15.4
    1994–19960.730.58–0.88b9.27.4–11.0b
    1997–19990.720.62–0.828.77.4–10.0
    2000–20020.660.55–0.776.04.9–7.2b
    2003–20050.600.51–0.686.35.0–7.6