TABLE 2

Demographic Characteristics of Neonates Diagnosed With Jaundice and Kernicterus While Hospitalized During the First 30 Days of Life in the United States, 1988–2005

DemographicsJaundiceKernicterus
%95% CIRatea95% CI
Overall15.615.3–15.82.72.3–3.0
Race
    White15.915.7–16.11.91.5–2.2
    Black13.813.3–14.2b2.01.3–2.6
    Hispanic14.213.6–14.8b2.61.9–3.3
    Asian19.418.5–20.3b4.82.7–6.8b
Gender
    Male16.416.2–16.72.82.4–3.3
    Female14.714.4–14.9b2.52.1–2.9
Insurance
    Private15.915.7–16.12.01.6–2.3
    Public14.614.3–14.9b2.62.0–3.2c
    Uninsured14.313.3–15.4b2.21.3–3.2
Income
    Lower14.914.6–15.22.31.8–2.8
    Upper15.915.6–16.1b2.11.8–2.5
Gestational age
    Term12.712.5–13.02.21.9–2.5
    Preterm52.451.7–53.1b9.27.2–11.2b
Region
    Northeast16.015.6–16.43.62.7–4.4
    Midwest15.214.8–15.6b2.31.7–3.0c
    South17.216.7–17.8b2.41.7–3.1c
    West13.212.8–13.6b2.62.1–3.1
Time
    1988–199017.316.4–18.25.84.4–7.2
    1991–199314.613.9–15.3b3.02.2–3.8b
    1994–199611.911.4–12.4b2.01.4–2.6c
    1997–199914.013.6–14.3b2.31.4–3.3
    2000–200215.314.9–15.7b1.40.9–1.8
    2003–200520.019.5–20.5b1.61.1–2.0
  • a Rate per 100000 live births.

  • b P < .01.

  • c P < .05.