APPENDIX 1

Search Strategy and Search Terms

Search StepSearch Entries
S1. Program/Evaluation Terms(parent and (training or education or program)) or ((support or treatment or intervention prevention) and ((parent or family) and results)
S2. General Program Target Terms(parenting skills or home environment or family relations or parent child relations or mother child relations or father child relations or childhood development or at risk protective or (resilient or resilience or resiliency) or child management or competence))
S3. Specific Child Outcome Terms((youth violence or juvenile delinquency or delinquent or conduct disorder or conduct problem or behavior problem or noncompliant or noncompliance or aggression or aggressive or (bully or bullying) or adhd or attention deficit disorder or academic problems or school adjustment or school problems or school dropout or impulsivity or impulse control or externalizing or prosocial or problem solving or communication skills or social skills or discipline or assertiveness or self esteem or drug abuse or substance abuse or alcohol or smoking or cigarette or sexual acting out or abuse or neglect or maltreatment or anxiety or depression or mental illness or suicide or eating disorder or internalizing or emotional adjustment or (Child* and (abuse or neglect or maltreatment or health or injury or violence or ingestion or poison* or attachment or immuniz* or “emergency department”)) or “infant mortality” or ((juvenile or adolescent) AND delinquen*) or (child and (cognit* or language or “social-emotional” or “socioemotional” or “socio-emotional” or physical or health) and development)) or “school readiness” or “school achievement” or “child development” or “developmental delay” or (child AND behavior*) or (child AND disab*) or ((Preterm or “pre-term” or premature) AND birth) or “low birth weight” or “low birthweight”
S4. Specific Maternal/Family Outcome Terms((parent* or family or matern* or mother* or father* or patern*) and (employment or career or stress or depress* or efficacy or “mental health” or health)) or ((subsequent or teen) AND (birth or pregnan*)) or “home environment” or “self sufficiency” or “self-sufficiency” or (parent* AND (skill* or ability*)) or (reduc* AND (crime or “domestic violence” or “family violence” or “intimate partner violence”) or ((community AND coordinate*) or referral*) or (smoking or tobacco)) and (parent and (training or education or program)))
S5. Compiling results from “General Program Target Terms,” “Specific Child Outcome Terms,” and “Specific Maternal/Family Outcome Terms” searchesS2 or S3 or S4
S6. Restricting Program Targets/Outcomes to Parenting Program EvaluationsS1 and S5
S7. Restricting Relevant Parenting Program Evaluations to those delivered in the homeS6 and “home”
S8. Restricting Relevant Home Visiting Program Evaluations to those published in EnglishLimit S7 to English language
  • Articles for this meta-analysis were identified from a literature search for a wider set of parenting interventions and thus returned a larger set of article citations than might have been returned by a more focused search only for home visiting programs. The overall search strategy built on the search for Kaminski et al16 that was conducted in September 2002 and included articles published between 1990 and 2002. On September 16, 2010, we conducted a complementary, updated search to include studies published before 1990 and since 2002. The articles returned from the new search were added to the previous database. For simplicity of presentation, the search strategy shown here lists the terms and actions that would have returned the full set of publication years if the entire search had been conducted on September 16, 2010, instead of in 2 sections.

  • The search discussed here was conducted via OvidSP by using PsycINFO as the database. Terms in quotation marks were searched only as those explicit terms. Terms not in quotation marks were searched as a multipurpose term (ie, .mp) appearing in any relevant field. The option to conduct an “exploded” search was engaged whenever available for an entered search term. An * indicates a “wildcard” search wherein any possible endings of that term were included (eg, behavior* searched for behavior, behaviors, behavioral). The search entries were repeated in Medline with necessary adjustments for that search engine. The returned articles from the 2 databases were then combined. Unpublished dissertations and duplicates were deleted from the final set of results.