Adverse Childhood Experiences Are Not Rare

Women (n = 9367)Men (n = 7970)Total (n = 17 337)
Household dysfunction
 Mother treated violently13.711.512.7
 Household substance abuse29.523.826.9
 Household mental illness23.314.819.4
 Parental separation or divorce24.521.823.3
 Incarcerated household member5.24.14.7
  • The Adverse Childhood Experiences (ACEs) Study asked over 17 000 middle class adults to recall if they had experienced any of these 10 ACEs before age 18 years. The prevalence of each ACE is given for both women and men. To determine an individual’s ACE score, 1 point was given for each type of ACE recalled (for a maximum score of 10). Only 36% of the participants had an ACE score of 0, and 1 in 8 had an ACE score of 4 or more. All data are presented as percentages.

  • a Wave 2 data only (n = 8667). Data from