TABLE 3

Unstandardized Regression Coefficients and 95% CIs From Individual Inverse-Variance–Weighted Linear Regressions Predicting Outcome Category From Program Components

VariableMaternal Life Course OutcomesBirth OutcomesParent Behaviors and SkillsChild Cognitive OutcomesChild Physical Health Child Maltreatment
Developmental norms and expectations0.34 (0.09 to 0.60)*0.24 (–0.05 to 0.54)0.08 (–0.24 to 0.39)
Developmentally appropriate care and routines0.04 (–0.23 to 0.31)0.00 (–0.30 to 0.30)−0.01 (–0.26 to 0.23)
Safe or clean home environment−0.12 (–0.39 to –0.15)−0.25 (–0.62 to 0.12)0.04 (–0.21 to 0.28)0.09 (–0.20 to 0.38)
Stimulating home environment0.20 (–0.16 to 0.56)0.44 (–0.08 to 0.97)
Responsiveness, sensitivity to cues, and nurturing0.47 (0.18 to 0.76)*0.38 (0.02 to 0.74)*
Discipline and behavior management0.29 (0.06 to 0.51)*0.41 (0.13 to 0.68)*
Promotion of child’s socioemotional development−0.18 (–0.51 to 0.15)0.21 (–0.09 to 0.50)
Promotion of child’s cognitive development0.01 (–0.26 to 0.29)0.27 (–0.01 to 0.55)
Home management
Public assistance0.15 (–0.22 to 0.53)−0.24 (–0.62 to 0.14)−0.06 (–0.36 to 0.25)0.05 (–0.26 to 0.36)
Concrete or instrumental assistance−0.06 (–0.44 to 0.33)−0.21 (–0.53 to 0.12)0.15 (–0.32 to 0.61)−0.07 (–0.35 to 0.21)−0.19 (–0.49 to 0.11)
Selecting appropriate alternative caregivers−0.06 (–0.23 to 0.11)0.12 (–0.28 to 0.55)−0.15 (–0.48 to 0.19)−0.33 (–0.70 to 0.05)0.09 (–0.17 to 0.35)0.26 (0.01 to 0.51)*
Parental relationships0.12 (–0.36 to 0.59)−0.09 (–0.52 to 0.35)0.02 (–0.30 to 0.35)
Parental substance use0.32 (0.06 to 0.60)*0.07 (–0.35 to 0.49)
Parental mental health0.17 (–0.01 to 0.36)0.17 (–0.13 to 0.47)−0.01 (–0.38 to 0.36)0.08 (–0.23 to 0.39)
Prenatal health0.22 (–0.14 to 0.57)−0.31 (–0.69 to 0.07)0.17 (–0.09 to 0.43)
Family planning or birth spacing0.01 (–0.17 to 0.18)−0.08 (–0.42 to 0.27)−0.05 (–0.37 to 0.26)
Self-, stress-, or anger-management−0.24 (–0.60 to 0.13)
Support group−0.17 (–0.43 to 0.09)0.01 (–0.30 to 0.31)–0.28 (–0.47 to –0.10)*−0.22 (–0.51 to 0.06)
Social support or social network (need for)−0.01 (–0.18 to 0.16)−0.05 (–0.43 to 0.33)−0.20 (–0.46 to 0.06)−0.07 (–0.38 to 0.24)0.06 (–0.18 to 0.30)0.01 (–0.29 to 0.31)
Adult literacy or academic achievement−0.03 (–0.13 to 0.20)−0.29 (–0.68 to 0.09)0.05 (–0.26 to 0.36)
Problem solving0.15 (–0.25 to –0.56)0.38 (0.03 to 0.73)*−0.19 (–0.47 to 0.10)0.01 (–0.34 to 0.36)−0.04 (–0.29 to 0.21)0.27 (0.03 to 0.51)*
Goal setting−0.14 (–0.30 to 0.03)−0.01 (–0.46 to 0.44)−0.14 (–0.44 to 0.17)0.05 (–0.23 to 0.32)0.00 (–0.33 to 0.33)
Case management−0.15 (–0.49 to 0.13)−0.17 (–0.48 to 0.13)
Rehearsal or role-playing0.09 (–0.22 to 0.40)0.52 (0.13 to 0.91)*
Home visitor is professional−0.04 (–0.24 to 0.15)–0.38 (–0.70 to –0.06)*0.01 (–0.25 to 0.28)0.02 (–0.29 to 0.32)0.25 (0.04 to 0.45)*−0.02 (–0.33 to 0.28)
Match between home visitor and client: race/ethnicity0.20 (–0.07 to 0.46)0.39 (0.04 to 0.75)*0.09 (–0.20 to 0.37)0.09 (–0.33 to 0.50)
Standardized curriculum0.20 (–0.03 to 0.44)0.14 (–0.13 to 0.41)0.05 (–0.29 to 0.38)−0.01 (–0.27 to 0.26)
Program delivered in language other than English0.19 (–0.01 to 0.39)0.03 (–0.24 to 0.29)−0.21 (–0.50 to 0.09)−0.20 (–0.42 to 0.03)
  • Blank cells represent component-outcome relationships that were not tested because the particular component was not expected to contribute to that outcome. Cells containing “–” were unable to be tested due to insufficient variability on the component in programs measuring that outcome. * indicate findings significant at P < .05. For maternal life course outcomes only, the timing of the outcome assessment (ie, during the final one-third of treatment versus at the end of treatment) was entered as a covariate based on the results of the inverse-variance–weighted analysis of variances predicting effect sizes from study design variables.