TABLE 4

Multivariate Models Predicting Breastfeeding for <6 Weeks According to Type of “Baby-Friendly” Hospital Practice Experienced (N = 1907)

“Baby-Friendly” PracticeModel 1, aOR (95% CI)aModel 2, aOR (95% CI)bModel 3, aOR (95% CI)c
Breastfeeding initiation within 1 h0.63 (0.48–0.83)d0.69 (0.52–0.91)d0.71 (0.53–0.95)d
Only breast milk given0.43 (0.32–0.58)d0.44 (0.32–0.59)d0.47 (0.34–0.64)d
Rooming in1.08 (0.82–1.43)0.90 (0.67–1.21)0.93 (0.69–1.26)
Breastfeeding on demand0.76 (0.58–1.00)0.85 (0.64–1.14)0.82 (0.61–1.10)
No pacifiers given0.63 (0.48–0.84)d0.68 (0.51–0.91)d0.73 (0.54–0.99)d
Provide information on breastfeeding support0.87 (0.65–1.15)0.90 (0.66–1.21)0.97 (0.71–1.32)
  • a Adjusted odds ratio (aOR) and 95% Wald confidence interval (CI) based on logistic regression; analysis controlling for other “Baby-Friendly” hospital practices.

  • b Adjusted odds ratio (aOR) and 95% Wald confidence interval (CI) based on logistic regression; analysis includes those variables in model 1 plus child gender, maternal age, maternal race, maternal education, household income, marital status, number of previous children, and number of cigarettes smoked.

  • c Adjusted odds ratio (aOR) and 95% Wald confidence interval (CI) based on logistic regression; analysis includes those variables in model 2 plus number of friends and relatives who breastfed, mother's prenatal intentions to work after birth, and prenatal attitudes toward breastfeeding (ie, formula as good as breast milk; if child breastfed, less likely to be obese).

  • d The odds ratio was significant at P < .05.