TABLE 1

Descriptive Statistics (2011)

VariablePercentage or Mean (SD)RangeChild-Level Cases Imputed
Parent measures (n = 214)
 Currently married54.8%11 (3.5%)
 Education level11 (3.5%)
  High school or less24.1%
  Associates or vocational/technical30.0%
  Some college30.4%
  Bachelor’s or higher15.5%
 Male gender25.2%0 (0.0%)
 Currently employed73.9%11 (3.5%)
 Smoking trajectories24 (7.6%)
  Early-onset light smokers who quit/reduce18.3%
  Late-onset persistent smokers9.7%
  Early-onset persistent heavy smokers20.7%
  Stable nonsmokers51.4%
Children measures (n = 314)
 Smoking in last year16.2%0 (0.0%)
 Age14.72 (2.79)11–212 (0.6%)
 White, non-Hispanic race59.3%9 (2.9%)
 Male gender44.1%1 (0.3%)
 Depressive affect11.59 (4.88)5–255 (1.6%)
 Grade point average2.98 (0.78)0–435 (11.1%)
 Self-esteem9.36 (1.53)4–129 (2.9%)
 Close to parent respondent92.0%38 (12.1%)
 Older sibling smoker8.0%0 (0.0%)
  • —, not applicable.