TABLE 3

Assessment of Male-Female Differences in Smokeless Tobacco Use, 2011 National Youth Tobacco Survey

CharacteristicMale-Female Gap in Smokeless Tobacco Use Explained by Gender Difference in Observed Characteristics, % (95% CI)P
Use of cigarette or smokeless tobacco by ≥1 close friend19.11 (15.39–22.84)<.001
Use of cigarette or smokeless tobacco by ≥1 household member1.92 (0.0–4.09).081
Exposure and receptivity to tobacco advertisements10.72 (7.05–14.38)<.001
Current use of any combustible tobacco productsa16.89 (12.93–20.85)<.001
Perception that all tobacco products are harmful6.50 (4.01–8.99)<.001
Sociodemographic characteristicsb2.00 (0.73–3.24).002
  • All data were weighted to account for the complex survey design.

  • a Current use of any combustible tobacco product was defined as use of at least 1 of the following tobacco products on ≥1 days during the past 30 days: cigarettes (including flavored cigarettes and roll-your-own cigarettes), cigars (including clove cigars and flavored little cigars), bidis, kreteks, pipes, and waterpipes/hookahs.

  • b Sociodemographic characteristics assessed included age and race/ethnicity.