TABLE 4

Method of Communication Used by Pediatricians in States With Varying Characteristics, 2010 (Percent Reporting Use)

State CharacteristicAny Formal InterpreterProfessional InterpreterTelephone InterpreterBilingual PhysicianBilingual StaffBilingual Family MemberWritten Materials
LEP population
 Higha: >8.6% (n = 282)42.229.134.056.470.659.936.2
 Low: ≤8.6% (n = 401)65.3f53.1f40.436.2f34.2f55.133.4
LEP among Spanish speakers
 Highb: >5.7% (n = 274)41.228.532.956.971.559.936.5
 Low: ≤5.7% (n = 409)65.5f53.1f41.1f36.2f34.2f55.333.3
LEP among Asian languages speakers
 Highc: >1.4% (n = 219)49.834.736.556.258.959.434.3
 Low: ≤1.4% (n = 464)58.6f47.2f38.439.0f44.6f56.034.7
Latino population growth by percent change
 Highd: top 10 states (n = 126)69.155.651.644.444.461.137.3
 Low: remaining states (n = 557)52.8f40.4f34.7f44.550.356.233.9
Medicaid/CHIP reimbursement
 Yese (n = 87)72.456.339.131.032.259.839.1
 No (n = 596)53.4f41.3f37.646.5f51.7f56.733.9
  • a States include Arizona, California, Florida, Hawaii, Illinois, Nevada, New Jersey, New Mexico, New York, Rhode Island, and Texas.

  • b States include Arizona, California, Florida, Illinois, Nevada, New Jersey, New Mexico, New York, and Texas.

  • c States include Alaska, California, Hawaii, New York, Washington, Nevada, Maryland, Massachusetts, New Jersey, and Virginia.

  • d States include Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, Georgia, Kentucky, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, South Dakota, and Tennessee.

  • e States include Hawaii, Iowa, Idaho, Kansas, Maine, Minnesota, Montana, New Hampshire, Utah, Vermont, Virginia, Washington, Washington DC, and Wyoming.

  • f P < .05.