TABLE 1

Definition of Hypertension19

ParameterSBP or DBP Percentile Expected for Age, Gender, and Height
Normal<90th
Prehypertension90th to <95th
SBP ≥ 120 mm Hg (if age ≥ 12 y and SBP < 95th)
DBP ≥ 80 mm Hg (if age ≥ 16 y and DBP < 95th)
Hypertensiona≥95th
  • a Participants were also defined as having hypertension when they were taking antihypertensive medications or they had previously received a medical diagnosis of hypertension.