TABLE 3

Method of Communication by Pediatrician and Practice Characteristics, 2010 (Percent Reporting Use)

CharacteristicAny Formal InterpreterProfessional InterpreterTelephone InterpreterBilingual PhysicianBilingual StaffBilingual Family MemberWritten Materials
Pediatrician characteristics
 Age, y
  ≤4558.844.740.949.449.751.834.4
  >4552.741.834.739.4*48.562.4*34.7
 Gender
  Female52.841.637.748.251.859.136.0
  Male60.545.838.038.8*45.053.932.1
 Latino ethnicity
  No57.444.239.142.249.958.134.6
  Yes29.7*27.0*16.2*83.8*35.137.8*32.4
Practice characteristics
 Setting
Hospital/clinic/medical school80.667.056.446.948.444.342.1
 Solo/2-physician practice27.420.611.053.453.472.639.7
 Pediatric group, 3–10 pediatricians31.618.421.742.550.064.626.4
 Pediatric group, >10; multispecialty group, HMO59.8*46.7*41.0*37.747.563.1*28.7*
 Location
  Suburban40.724.530.940.749.363.733.5
  Inner city75.665.051.955.053.848.840.6
  Urban area (non–inner city)63.154.040.642.348.750.332.1
  Rural49.1*36.4*23.6*41.8*38.270.9*30.9
 Insurance status of patients
  Low public insurance (41%)42.228.331.041.045.563.929.5
  High public insurance (>41%)63.0*53.7*40.9*50.2*55.2*52.0*40.6*
 Latino patients
  Low (≤22%)56.943.536.734.938.657.829.3
  High (>22%)53.642.139.662.6*69.4*56.244.7*
  • HMO, health maintenance organization.

  • * P < .05.