TABLE 2

Outcomes

OutcomesPB + EM, n = 37PB, n = 35P
Primary
 Admission rectal temperature 36.5–37.5°Ca15 (41)27(77).002c
Secondary
 Admission rectal temperature (°C)b37.4 (0.9)37.0 (0.5).017c
 Admission rectal temperature >37.5°Ca17 (46)6 (17).009c
 Admission rectal temperature <36.5°Ca5 (14)2 (6).264
 Admission axillary temperature (°C)b37.3 (0.9)36.9 (0.6).011c
 ≥1 dose surfactant during admissiona24 (65)23 (66).279
 Inotrope usea9 (24)6 (17).453
 Intubated during admissiona26 (70)25 (71).516
 Chronic lung diseasea11 (30)6 (17).251
 Abnormal cranial ultrasounda1 (3)3 (9).276
 Death before dischargea3 (8)5 (14).657
  • Abnormal cranial ultrasound = intraventricular hemorrhage grade ≥3, periventricular leukomalacia or posthemorrhagic hydrocephalus.

  • a Data are n (%).

  • b Data are mean (SD).

  • c Significant P value.