TABLE 4

Analysis of Factors Associated With Parental Sucking of the Child’s Pacifier

FactorFactor PresentParents Sucking the Child’s PacifierP Valuea
Yes, n (%)No, n (%)
Mother with a history of allergybYes35 (55)27 (47).47
No29 (45)31 (53)
Father with a history of allergybYes25 (39)23 (40)1.00
No39 (61)35 (60)
Mother smoking at time of birthYes5 (8)5 (9)1.00
No58 (92)53 (91)
Father smoking at time of birthYes6 (9)3 (5).50
No58 (91)55 (95)
Siblings at time of birthYes30 (47)33 (57).28
No34 (53)25 (43)
Delivered by caesarean sectionYes5 (8)13 (23).02
No59 (92)43 (77)
Exclusively breastfed for >4 moYes22 (34)19 (33)1.00
No43 (66)39 (67)
Cat or dog in home at time of birthYes9 (14)6 (11).78
No55 (86)50 (89)
Mother with University degreecYes16 (44)20 (65).14
No20 (56)11 (35)
Father with University degreecYes14 (41)16 (57).31
No20 (59)12 (43)
  • a Exact test.

  • b A history of doctor-diagnosed asthma, allergic rhinoconjunctivitis, or eczema.

  • c University degree or equivalent.