TABLE 4

Prevalence (%) and aORs for the Relationship Between ACEs and Self-Reported Drinking Motives During the First Year When the Participant Began Drinkinga,b

Category of ACEsnDrinking to Be SocialDrinking to CopeDrinking to ConformDrinking for Enhancement
%aOR (95% CI)%aOR (95% CI)%aOR (95% CI)%aOR (95% CI)
Abuse
    Emotional
        No309231.11.0 (referent)4.01.0 (referent)3.71.0 (referent)23.31.0 (referent)
        Yes50037.11.1 (0.8–1.6)13.22.4 (1.4–3.9)8.11.7 (1.0–3.1)33.11.3 (0.9–1.9)
    Physical
        No314430.71.0 (referent)3.91.0 (referent)3.61.0 (referent)23.21.0 (referent)
        Yes44840.01.4 (1.0–2.0)14.52.8 (1.5–4.9)9.52.3 (1.2–4.4)34.21.5 (1.1–2.2)
    Sexual
        No290331.01.0 (referent)4.11.0 (referent)3.71.0 (referent)23.71.0 (referent)
        Yes68936.51.2 (0.9–1.6)10.41.8 (1.1–2.9)7.01.6 (1.0–2.8)29.11.2 (0.9–1.6)
Neglect
    Emotional
        No346931.51.0 (referent)4.61.0 (referent)4.01.0 (referent)24.21.0 (referent)
        Yes12344.81.4 (0.8–2.6)22.82.9 (1.2–7.0)13.22.5 (0.9–6.9)36.91.3 (0.7–2.6)
    Physical
        No335131.61.0 (referent)4.31.0 (referent)3.71.0 (referent)24.21.0 (referent)
        Yes24136.41.1 (0.7–1.7)17.43.1 (1.7–5.7)12.53.2 (1.6–6.3)30.61.2 (0.7–1.9)
Household dysfunction
    Battered mother
        No300931.01.0 (referent)3.71.0 (referent)3.61.0 (referent)24.01.0 (referent)
        Yes58336.51.1 (0.8–1.5)12.92.1 (1.1–3.9)7.91.8 (0.9–3.5)28.01.0 (0.7–1.4)
    Parental discord/divorce
        No221630.51.0 (referent)3.61.0 (referent)3.61.0 (referent)23.51.0 (referent)
        Yes137634.21.1 (0.9–1.5)7.61.5 (0.9–2.4)5.51.4 (0.8–2.3)26.51.0 (0.8–1.4)
    Mentally ill household member
        No268631.41.0 (referent)3.81.0 (referent)3.81.0 (referent)24.01.0 (referent)
        Yes90634.21.0 (0.8–1.3)9.71.7 (1.1–2.9)6.11.2 (0.7–2.2)26.90.9 (0.7–1.2)
    Substance abuse in home
        No260029.01.0 (referent)3.21.0 (referent)3.21.0 (referent)21.81.0 (referent)
        Yes99239.81.4 (1.1–1.8)10.72.1 (1.3–3.5)7.31.8 (1.1–3.1)32.41.4 (1.0–1.8)
    Incarcerated household member
        No334831.81.0 (referent)4.81.0 (referent)4.41.0 (referent)24.41.0 (referent)
        Yes24434.41.0 (0.7–1.6)10.21.1 (0.5–2.4)3.50.6 (0.2–1.9)28.41.0 (0.6–1.7)
Total3592
  • a Motives were modeled as “most of the time or almost always or always” (1) versus “never, almost never, some of the time, or half of the time” (0).

  • b Adjusted for age, gender, race, educational attainment, family feelings about alcohol, and number of friends drinking first year of high school.