TABLE 3

Overall and Sex-Specific aHRs for Phototherapy and Different Outcomes

OutcomeN With OutcomeaHR (95% CI), AllaHR (95% CI), BoysaHR (95% CI), GirlsP for Sex and Phototherapy Effect Modification
Febrile seizures
 ≥1 encounter99161.07 (0.99 to 1.16)1.09 (0.98 to 1.21)1.06 (0.93 to 1.2).81
Seizures not coded as febrile
 ≥1 encounter99081.2 (1.09 to 1.31)1.28 (1.14 to 1.43)1.08 (0.94 to 1.25).16
 ≥2 encounters53651.22 (1.08 to 1.37)1.31 (1.13 to 1.53)1.09 (0.89 to 1.32).09
 ≥1 encounter + AEDsa31531.22 (1.05 to 1.42)1.33 (1.1 to 1.61)1.07 (0.84 to 1.37).17
Epilepsy, all
 ≥1 encounter35511.3 (1.13 to 1.5)1.41 (1.18 to 1.69)1.14 (0.91 to 1.44).08
 ≥1 encounter + AEDs24751.24 (1.05 to 1.47)1.33 (1.07 to 1.64)1.12 (0.85 to 1.46).22
Epilepsy NOS
 ≥1 encounter19971.39 (1.16 to 1.67)1.49 (1.18 to 1.88)1.25 (0.93 to 1.68).44
 ≥1 encounter +AEDS14941.3 (1.05 to 1.6)1.39 (1.07 to 1.82)1.16 (0.83 to 1.63).07
Partial seizures
 ≥1 encounter16871.2 (0.97 to 1.47)1.37 (1.05 to 1.78)0.97 (0.69 to 1.36).33
 ≥1 encounter +AEDS13761.08 (0.85 to 1.38)1.2 (0.87 to 1.65)0.93 (0.63 to 1.37).55
Generalized seizures
 ≥1 encounter15711.2 (0.96 to 1.49)1.34 (1.02 to 1.77)1.02 (0.72 to 1.44).07
 ≥1 encounter + AEDs11651.21 (0.96 to 1.52)1.31 (0.97 to 1.76)1.06 (0.73 to 1.55).35
  • aHR, adjusted hazard ratio; AEDs, at least 1 prescription for antiepileptic drugs; NOS, not otherwise specified.

  • a Primary outcome.