TABLE 2

Characteristics of Women Birthing in Non-BFHI and BFHI-Accredited Hospitals

Non-BFHI, %, n = 5295BFHI, %, n = 1457Unadjusted OR (95% CI)
Parity
 Primiparous46.244.91
 Multiparous53.855.11.05 (0.94–1.18)
Country of birth
 Australia80.679.31
 Other country19.420.71.08 (0.94–1.25)
Secondary education
 Not completed8.614.11.74 (1.46–2.08)***
 Completed91.485.91
Area of residence
 Major city68.647.51
 Inner regional20.515.01.06 (0.9.–1.26)
 Outer regional8.634.95.87 (5.04–6.84)***
 Remote and very remote2.32.51.55 (1.06–2.28)*
Socioeconomic disadvantage
 High26.425.51
 Medium33.852.01.59 (1.38–1.84)***
 Low39.922.50.58 (0.50–0.69)*
Infant gestational age
 <37 wk7.96.90.87 (0.69–1.09)
 ≥37 wk92.193.11
Infant birth weight
 <2500 g5.04.60.92 (0.69–1.20)
 ≥2500 g95.095.41
Method of birth
 Vaginal64.070.91
 Cesarean delivery36.029.10.73 (0.64–0.83)***
Opioid analgesia
 No76.470.21
 Yes23.629.81.37 (1.20–1.58)***
Epidural anesthesia
 No48.560.41
 Yes51.539.60.62 (0.55–0.70)***
General anesthesia
 No96.196.91
 Yes3.93.10.79 (0.55–1.13)
Type of facility
 Public51.281.01
 Private48.819.00.25 (0.21–0.28)***
Length of stay
 <24 h4.56.01
 1–2 nights24.137.11.16 (0.89–1.52)
 3–4 nights45.437.50.62 (0.48–0.81)***
 ≥5 nights26.019.40.56 (0.43–0.74)***
  • CI, confidence interval; OR, odds ratio. * P < .05. *** P < .001.