TABLE 5

Associations Between Increasing Number of Baby-Friendly Practices Experienced and Any Breastfeeding at 1 Month and 4 Months

No. of Infant-Friendly PracticesnBreastfeeding at 1 moBreastfeeding at 4 mo
%Unadjusted OR (95% CI)Adjusted OR (95% CI)a%Unadjusted OR (95% CI)Adjusted OR (95% CI)b
026780.51151.311
150083.81.25 (0.85–1.84)1.23 (0.77–1.97)58.61.35 (0.99–1.81)1.36 (0.93–2.00)
284282.81.04 (0.80–1.35)1.09 (0.79–1.49)59.51.20 (0.98–1.47)1.56 (1.20–2.05)**
3155885.01.21 (0.99–1.47)1.20 (0.94–1.53)64.31.39 (1.19–1.61)***1.64 (1.31–2.05)***
4320191.02.07 (1.75–2.44)***2.20 (1.78–2.71)***77.32.41 (2.14–2.72)***2.93 (2.40–3.60)***
  • CI, confidence interval; OR, odds ratio. ** P < .01. *** P < .001.

  • a Adjusted for variables significant in univariate analysis: maternal age; level of education; remoteness; relative socioeconomic disadvantage; gestational diabetes; hypertension or depression in pregnancy; infant being “stuck” during labor; having opioid, epidural, or general analgesia/anesthesia during the birth; birthing at a public or private facility; and BFHI accreditation.

  • b Adjusted for variables significant in univariate analysis: maternal age; parity; country of birth; level of education; remoteness; relative socioeconomic disadvantage; infant gestational age and birth weight; method of birth; hypertension or depression in pregnancy; postpartum hemorrhage; infant being distressed and “stuck” during labor; emergency transfer of the mother; having opioid, epidural, or general analgesia/anesthesia during labor or birth; infant being admitted to special care; birthing at a public or private facility; length of stay; and BFHI accreditation.