TABLE 4

Factors Associated With Use of Medications in Patients With Bronchiolitis

BronchodilatorsSystemic SteroidsAntibiotics
AOR(95% CI)AOR(95% CI)AOR(95% CI)
Timing of the visit
 Before guidelines1.001.001.00
 After guidelines1.38(0.85–2.22)0.81(0.46–1.46)0.89(0.53–1.50)
Age
 0–90 d1.001.001.00
 91–365 d1.66(1.02–2.70)2.42(1.15–5.07)1.76(1.08–2.86)
 1–2 y2.16(1.12–4.14)1.65(0.59–4.58)1.41(0.74–2.67)
Race/ethnicity
 White, non-Hispanic1.001.001.00
 Black, non-Hispanic1.48(0.87–2.52)1.50(0.79–2.86)0.87(0.46–1.65)
 Hispanic1.03(0.61–1.75)1.55(0.81–2.97)0.96(0.54–1.71)
 Other1.91(0.75–4.87)1.06(0.34–3.33)0.59(0.22–1.57)
Gender
 Female1.001.001.00
 Male1.31(0.89–1.91)1.16(0.64–2.10)1.36(0.81–2.25)
Admission status
 Discharged from hospital1.001.001.00
 Admitted1.53(0.91-2.57)0.77(0.40–1.49)0.90(0.45–1.82)
Region
 Northeast1.001.001.00
 Midwest1.10(0.60–2.07)1.30(0.56–3.04)3.07(1.38–6.82)
 South0.61(0.33–1.14)1.82(0.80–4.14)3.73(1.73–8.06)
 West0.95(0.47–1.93)1.35(0.53–3.45)4.38(1.89–10.2)
Hospital ownership
 Not for profit1.001.001.00
 Government1.49(0.81–2.74)0.74(0.38–1.45)0.80(0.41–1.59)
 Proprietary1.24(0.68–2.28)2.31(1.20–4.45)2.24(1.16–4.36)
ED type
 General ED1.001.001.00
 Children’s facility2.77(1.62–4.72)0.37(0.22–0.60)0.26(0.13–0.51)