Outcome Variable | Study Group | Unadjusted Odds Ratio^{a} (95% Confidence Interval) | Multiadjusted Odds Ratio^{b} (95% Confidence Interval) |
---|---|---|---|

Any criminal conviction by age 26 y | Total sample^{b} | 1.55 (1.26–1.89)** | 1.27 (1.00–1.61)* |

Males | 1.42 (1.12–1.79)** | 1.24 (0.93–1.64) | |

Females | 1.92 (1.32–2.79)** | 1.46 (0.93–2.31) | |

Any violent conviction by age 26 y | Total sample^{b} | 1.34 (1.07–1.70)* | 1.25 (0.95–1.66) |

Males | 1.43 (1.10–1.86)** | 1.29 (0.93–1.77) | |

Females | 1.07 (0.64–1.79) | 1.10 (0.59–2.06) | |

Diagnosis of antisocial personality disorder at either age 21 or 26 y | Total sample^{b} | 1.70 (1.24–2.34)** | 1.61 (1.10–2.36)* |

Males | 1.69 (1.21–2.36)** | 1.62 (1.08–2.43)* | |

Females | ^{—} | — |

Odds ratios indicate the increase in the odds for the outcome associated with a 1-h increase in mean weekday television viewing. Significant at *

*P*< .05, ***P*< .01. —, Too few cases to analyze (*n*= 4).↵a Odds ratios are unadjusted for male and female subgroups but adjusted for sex for the total sample.

↵b Adjusted for sex, childhood SES, childhood IQ, undercontrolled temperament at age 3 y, parent- and teacher-rated antisocial behavior at age 5 y, and parental control at ages 7 and 9 y.