TABLE 3

Linear Regression Predicting Personality Traits in Early Adulthood From Television Viewing Between 5 and 15 y Old

Outcome VariableStudy GroupUnadjusted Coefficienta (95% Confidence Interval)Multiadjusted Coefficientb (95% Confidence Interval)
AggressionTotal sampleb0.21 (0.14 to 0.28)**0.19 (0.11 to 0.27)**
Boys0.25 (0.15 to 0.35)**0.20 (0.08 to 0.31)**
Girls0.17 (0.07 to 0.27)**0.18 (0.06 to 0.30)**
Negative EmotionalityTotal sampleb0.19 (0.12 to 0.26)**0.13 (0.05 to 0.21)**
Boys0.24 (0.14 to 0.34)**0.17 (0.05 to 0.27)**
Girls0.14 (0.03 to 0.24)**0.10 (−0.02 to 0.21)
Positive EmotionalityTotal sampleb−0.14 (−0.21 to −0.07)**−0.10 (−0.19 to −0.02)*
Boys−0.15 (−0.25 to −0.04)**−0.14 (−0.26 to −0.02)*
Girls−0.13 (−0.23 to −0.03)**−0.07 (−0.19 to 0.05)
  • Coefficients represent the increase in age- and sex-adjusted SD score for MPQ personality data associated with a 1-h increase in weekday television viewing. Significant at *P < .05, **P < .01.

  • a Analyses unadjusted for male and female subgroups but adjusted for sex for total sample.

  • b Adjusted for childhood SES, childhood IQ, undercontrolled temperament at age 3 y, parent- and teacher-rated antisocial behavior at age 5 y, and parental control at ages 7 and 9 y.